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Estonia

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CERT Estonia, established in 2006, is an organisation responsible for the management of security incidents in .ee computer networks. Its duty is to assist Estonian Internet users in the implementation of preventive measures in order to reduce possible damage from security incidents and to help them in responding to security threats. CERT Estonia deals with security incidents that occur in Estonian networks, start there, or which it has been notified about by citizens or institutions either in Estonia or abroad.
The support provided by CERT Estonia depends on the type and severity of a security incident, on the number of users potentially affected by it and on resources available for the organisation.
CERT-EE activities include:
• Handling incidents: accepting reports, prioritising incidents according to their level of criticality, analysis, responding to incidents and technical support for solving the incidents. For simultaneous incidents, CERT will coordinate the response to such incidents.
• Giving warnings/notices: gives the users information about security gaps, which have been discovered in most popular systems and applications in Estonia. Warnings are mainly given to the attacks and security gaps with a high criticality level and for extremely widespread viruses.
• Support for institutions and Internet service providers: support for system administrators, network administrators or customer support that the end users should contact in case of security incidents. The extent of CERT Estonia support depends on the type and criticality of the security incident, the extent of the influenced environment and the resources available in the team.
• Preventive measures: periodic events and media campaigns for raising awareness about information security
The Estonian Defence League’s Cyber Unit (EDL CU) is a voluntary organisation aimed at protecting Estonian cyberspace. The Cyber Unit’s mission is to protect Estonia’s way of life, including protection of information infrastructure and supporting broader objectives of national defence. The Cyber Unit includes specialists in key cyber security positions in national critical infrastructure, patriotic individuals with IT skills, including youth who are ready to contribute to cyber security, and specialists in other fields that concern cyber security (lawyers, economists etc).
EDL CU objectives:
• development of cooperation among qualified volunteer IT specialists
• raising the level of cyber security for critical information infrastructure through the dissemination of knowledge and training
• creation of a network which facilitates public private partnership and enhances preparedness in operating during a crisis situation
• education and training in information security
• participation in international cyber security training events
NATO Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCD COE). Estonia proposed the concept for a cyber defence centre to NATO in 2004, right after joining the Alliance. In 2006 the concept is approved by Supreme Allied Commander Transformation and in 2007 negotiations held between potential Sponsoring Nations. The Centre was established in 2008. It is an International Military Organisation with a mission to enhance the capability, cooperation and information sharing among NATO, its member nations and partners in cyber defence by virtue of education, research and development, lessons learned and consultation.

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Eneken Tikk: Ellex Raidla